Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan

by Culinary Spelunker /
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Feb 03, 2019 / 0 comments

At first glance, melon pan may seem a curiously misleading name – especially if you happen to choose a double chocolate melon pan (and you should – actually, order a few) or matcha melon pan.

Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan

Despite the name, there’s no melon in the dough or the filling of Japanese melon pan (typically). Pan simply means bread. The palm-sized sweet buns are richly yeasted and buttered, with almost the texture of a soft dinner roll. But the buns have a unique feature that gives them a satisfying crunch – they’re blanketed and baked with a thin layer of sugar cookie dough.

When traveling in Japan you’re likely to find this sweet treat readily available in bakeries. You can also indulge in a tray of melon pan in well-stocked Japanese bakeries in other parts of the world, including the United States.

Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan

Here’s just a few interesting tidbits about melon pan that may just convince you to track down your nearest Japanese bakery, or make some for yourself at home.

Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan

#5 No one is quite sure of the origins of the name melon pan

Of course, there are theories. One popular guess posits the bread’s name simply came from the buns’ signature shape. The grooves etched into the buns before baking make it look like a musk melon. Others have floated the idea that “melon” evolved from the Japanese word for meringue. And still other origin stories chart certain bakers who may have made the first melon pan.

#4 Melon pan comes in both a circular- and football-shape styles

The name and shape of melon pan can vary. Bakeries in Hiroshima and Kobe bake up a football-shaped melon pan. And some bakeries make specialty versions of melon pan – including one made to look like a turtle and another to look like a baseball cap.

Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan

#3 Melon pan comes in a variety of flavors

The buttery, airy bun acts as a canvas for any number of flavors – and fillings. Beyond the just-sweet-enough typical melon pan that has sugar cookie coating and coloring, look for varieties like matcha, which makes creating the turtle shapes much easier, and chocolate chip. My local Japanese bakery offers a double chocolate melon pan with a smooth filling that has all the richness of mousse and one filled with red bean paste. Don’t be surprised to find Japanese bakeries that have put their own spin on this sweet favorite – some fill melon pan with ice cream or white bean paste.

Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan
Matcha Melon Pan

#2 Melon pan often comes in bakeries stocked with other pastries

Satisfy your sweet tooth by gathering a collection of melon pan and other yummy bakery finds. For example, our neighborhood Japanese bakery serves playful cornets – horn-shaped sweet bread filled with chocolate custard and outfitted with little eyes. There’s red-bean stuffed buns and an assortment of croissants. Japanese cheesecake is available for take out, too. And they serve savory buns with fillings like curry, tonkatsu, and sausage.

Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan
Chocolate cornet

Did You Know? Learn More About Japan’s Melon Pan
Red Bean Croissant

#1 You can make melon pan at home – really!

If you’re already familiar with dinner roll and sugar cookie recipes, you’re well on your way to making melon pan. The recipe involves a separate dough for each. You can even take a cue from Japanese bakers and put your own personal touch on the sugar cookie flavor choice and filling.

I like the step-by-step instructions available from Cooking with Dog. The bread dough gets a double dose of rising – first, after you’ve created the dough and second, once you’ve shaped the individual dough pieces into balls and then shrouded them with cookie dough.

While melon pan does store well, I prefer to eat them just after the sweet buns have cooled.


Kristen J. Gough is the Global Cuisines Editor for Wandering Educators. Her new site, Culinary Spelunking, is in the works.


All photos courtesy and copyright Culinary Spelunking, and taken at her local Japanese bakery, Oyatsupan.